Beijing Normal University, a key university under the guidance of the Ministry of Education, is a renowned institution of higher learning, emphasizing teacher education and basic learning in both arts and sciences. The university’s predecessor, the Normal College of the Imperial University of Peking, was founded in 1902. In 1908, the school changed its name to the Advanced Normal College of the Imperial University and became independent. In 1912, the name again changed, to Beijing Advanced Normal School, and finally, in 1923 the name changed to Beijing Normal University, the first Normal University in Chinese history. In 1931 and 1952, respectively, Peking Women’s Normal University and Fu Jen Catholic University were merged into Beijing Normal University.